It is estimated that the world population will increase from 6,124 million in 2000 to 9,191 million in 2050, when almost all countries will have completed their demographic transition. If the demographic prediction and global emission limitation hypothesis met by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in the middle of the century is met, the world average per capita emissions by 2050 would be 2,785 tCO2e / hab / year, about 60% less than at the beginning of the century.
In the global context, Mexico contributes around 1.6% to GHG emissions. In 2006 these were 715 MtCO2e. In the range of source countries, it is located in the 13th position. Mexico's per capita emissions increased in 2006 amounted to 6.2 tCO2, and excluding the category of land use and changes in land use and forestry (LULUCF) were 5.9 tCO2 (Mexican Institute of Transportation, 2013).
GHG emissions during 2006 in Mexico, by type of transportation were:
|Form of transport||Emissions MteCO2|
The magnitude of GHG emissions from the air transport, which is the second most important after the road transport, must be highlighted, although it only contributes 0.018% of the domestic cargo movement and 0.7% of the domestic passenger movement. Mexico's per capita emissions are now at a level quite close to the world average.
The population of Mexico is expected to increase from 98.44 million in the year 2000 to 121.86 million in the year 2050. If our country assumed as an indicative target for the reference year a match with the above-mentioned global average per capita emissions Mexican GHG emissions should not exceed 339.4 MtCO2e (Mexican Institute of Transportation, 2013).